Jacquard weave is created through loom process which is programmed in such a way to raise each warp thread independently of other threads. Jacquard fabric has an intricately woven pattern. This pattern is directly woven onto the fabric. This fabric is more stable and stretchy as compared to other fabrics. Jacquard weaves are produced on a special loom that is characterized by complex designs that are woven in with repetition of designs or tapestry effects. It is so versatile that this fabric can be used in almost everything. Jacquard weave can be easily blended with any fabric- silk, jute, cotton etc. It is interwoven in such a way that it adds details to the surface of the fabric, keeping it light in weight yet textured.
This jacquard weave process is more time consuming than other fabrics created from the same method. Jacquard weaves can also be combined with various colors and different types of threads. This enables beautiful gradations of color tones and bold patterns that are generally complex. These fabrics are rare and more durable. Moreover, jacquard loom fabric has a smooth texture, as the pattern is within the fabric and not over it. It can be widely used for clothing, upholstery, draperies etc. In terms of design, jacquard has a lot in store. Design that is woven into the fabric forms a slightly raised decorative area. It is easy to wear and is wrinkle resistant and pleasant to touch.
Jacquard fabric is filled with decorative aesthetics. There are two main reasons because of which it stands apart from other woven fabrics. First, is the complexity of design. Jacquard loom saves the labor and time. Second, the number of colors used. Modern technologies have made it possible to produce sophisticated designs in a large color palette. Almost all designs can be made in a dozen of colors. Jacquard loom produces several other delicate fabrics like brocade and tapestry. It is one of the very few reversible fabrics and is easy to wash.
MAKING OF JACQUARD
Initially, Jacquard weaving was done by a process called draw loom which was a slow process and produced limited patterns. Then came mechanical loom for producing Jacquard fabric. It was designed in such a way that the patterns could vary in every row of the fabric. Gradually larger machines were also introduced, but they also had certain shortcomings. These electronic machines were insanely expensive and were suitable only for factories that produce specialized designs. Now, the scenario has changed. Apart from the fabric that is made from jacquard loom, these fabrics can also be knitted and thus, a variety of jacquard fabrics are available today. All the ethnic jacquard we see around is Brocade jacquard. Other jacquard produced on machines can be finer and shimmery. This is because it is knitted with silk, rayon and other synthetic materials. Jacquard loom machines did reduce the repetitive weaving of fabric with symmetrical designs.
TYPES OF JACQUARD
Apart from the main jacquard fabric that is woven on jacquard loom, the fabric is further sub-divided into 3 categories:
Brocade is the most elaborately woven fabric. It has a raised pattern and is woven with multi-colored threads. Brocade produces rich designs and is the traditional jacquard fabric. It is generally heavy than other fabrics. Brocade is popularly used in fashion clothing and upholstery.
Damask is a more fine and sheen version of Brocade fabric. It is generally woven in a single color and it is also a patterned fabric. Damask is generally used in synthetic fiber production or in making of several fiber blends.
This fabric is manufactured using cotton, silk or rayon fibers. Matelasse has a quilted texture and stretchy surface.
USES OF JACQUARD
Jacquard fabric finds its space in apparel as well as upholstery industry.
Presence of a large number of prints in jacquard loom fabric makes it suitable for all types of clothing. Prints such as polka dots, checks and stripes in jacquard textured fabric make it suitable for people of all age groups. Over sized jacquard jackets, pant-suits and boxy silhouettes add a major style quotient to your wardrobe. Jacquard fabric looks very sublime in both dark and pastel shades.
Jacquard fabric is known for its versatility. Bags, shoes, hair band, cap etc. with an accent of jacquard on their surface look alluring and are the best style partner for any occasion. These accent pieces can be matched up with your existing wardrobe and can be paired beautifully.
- HOME DÉCOR
Jacquard is one such fabric that is extensively used in all kinds of home need items. Bed covers, pillow covers, cushion covers, curtains and even towels are made up of jacquard fabric. It is available in a lot of shades and patterns that you can use these fabrics to decorate your entire home.
PRESENT DAY SCENARIO
With the increased demand of Jacquard fabric and improvement of technologies, Jacquard is now woven using computerized looms. This makes jacquard production easier and labor intensive. Quality of jacquard fabric is focused on more than its quantity. Jacquard fabric has become the first choice of several fashion designers and interior designers.
Jacquard loom did not become popular immediately. It took some time to accept the fabric. But currently, it is used in generally all products. It is even used to weave several textiles for upholstery. The Design Cart offers you a large variety of jacquard fabric in wholesale prices.
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