Aari Needle is a handcrafted needle with a razor-sharp hook at one edge, used for sewing fabrics, applied for doing embroidery with beads and sequins. Aari work is a delicate and multifaceted type of hand- beading, which requires excellent craft and ability.
For the lines of aari work, the embroiderer use his hands; henceforth, rather than utilizing the typical embroidery band, adda (outlines) are being used. Adda is a wooden frame that is used for aari embroidery work. Aari embroidery is otherwise called adda work.
History Of Aari
The art of fabrication with Aari has a long story in India. Every style of this method has features that describe its foundation or journey. For Aari embroidery, its origins lead from Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh to Kutch, Gujarat, where the shoemaker or cobbler people gave credit to the chain stitch by applying the design to the cloth. A specialty of doing embroidery in detail and the aari needle are what aari is known. Like other States, this work has made its mark even in the south of India. Skillful workers use the aari work to improve the famous silk sarees of the south. Srikalahasti, a sacred town in Andhra Pradesh, also determines the richness of aari work. The group of women who got trained in traditional art teaches other house women and provides them with a chance to make their living better by earning some amount.
Aari embroidery was used to form a variety of luxuriant motifs and designs; this embroidery technique has survived as the time tasted the art, creating it much more admired today. Tambour embroidery, the westernmost name for aari, originated from Europe in the 18th century. The fascinating stitch quickly became a time spending art for women. Many of its several great patterns were recognized in Britain and France from India. The only adjustment in the process of the method was the intro of Tambour, a mold. The cloth held tight between two round fitted bands resembling the front of a drum with support. Made it much quicker to do the embroidery of any great styles.
Types of Aari Needles Used For Hand Embroidery
1) Needles used for Bead and Sequins
Firstly it has got a 1.5 inch and 1.2-inch long needle, which is made up of a wooden handle, and its easy to use.
Second, it has got one iron needle, which is of the approximate size of 1.5 inch and has a thin and consistent format.
Process: First, beads or sequins are passed through the needle and then passed through the fabric. The thread is taken in the hook of the needle. Then the cloth is carried to the top surface of the material with needle and beads or sequins are taken from the needle to the string. Then the stitch is adjusted with the initial stitch.
2) For Zari and Resham
It is used for decorating and outlining the design in the best way. Firstly the fabric needle is passed, and the thread is taken in the hook of the needle. Then the thread is taken out at the top surface of the cloth with needle and adjusted with the prior stitch.
This stitch is pretty similar to Shoemaker's Stitch.
Clothes Best For Aari Work
Aari work is considered as suitable for all seasons as it can be done on silk, velvet, cotton, chanderi, cotton silk, and many other textiles. Today, with the guidance of advanced technologies, Aari embroidery craft can be finished in lesser time. Ladies of all age groups admire Aari work designs on sarees. Aari embroidery is done primarily on the surface of the sarees, keeping the blouse plain.Aari work on dupattas also seems appealing and grasps the attention of many.
A bead is a small decorative item that comes in different kinds of shapes and sizes, such as bone, stone, glass, pearl, or wood, and with a tiny hole for threading or stringing.
Beading is the art of joining beads to one another by stringing them with a stitching needle or beading needle and string or thin wire or stitching them to the cloth.
Different types of beads
1. Seed beads: These are evenly shaped, spheroidal beads varying in size from under a millimeter to various millimeters. Seed bead is also a general term for any little bead. Typically circular, seed beads are usually used for machine weaving or hand weaving.
2. Glass beads: Glass is identified as an ancient material. Glass beads come in a variety of shades. The technology for glass bead making is amongst the best human arts, originating back 3,000 years. Glass beads have been recorded back to at least Roman periods. Possibly the earliest glass-like beads were Egyptian faience beads, a form of clay bead with a self-forming vitreous coating.
3. Polymer beads: It is also known as water crystal gel, are comprised of a polymer that can retain large volumes of liquid. A polymer is a huge molecule, and the polymers in water beads can typically retain up to 200 times their weight in water.
4. Crystal beads: Crystals are crystal beads made out of leaded glass and have a high shine. They are usually faceted for extra shine. The most commonly identified crystals are Swarovski Elements. Still, there are Czech crystals too, which are of good quality at a lower price.
5. Glass pearls: Glass pearls are human-made objects that are created to resemble real pearls.
6. Stone and Kundan beads: These are an excellent way to add natural beauty to any of your designs. Gemstones are fashioned into beads in a variety of shapes that you will love to create them again and again. Kundan is a traditional style of Indian gemstone jewelry involving a gem set with a gold foil between the stones and its mount, typically for fancy necklaces.
7. Wooden beads: Wood is usually natural to find and work with, so wherever wood is located, you will find wooden beads. Carpenters utilize the most readily available varieties of timber, and bead-making itself was done as exercises for learners or as spare time work for artisans or masters.
8. Assorted beads: It Includes velvet beads, bone beads, shell beads, thread beads, metal beads, and clay beads.
9. Ceramic beads: Beads which are ceramic beads comes in varieties of color like blue, yellow, pink, green, light blue.etc
10. Loreal beads: It is made of Glass, Measurement: 2 mm thick. These beads can be utilized in making jewelry, fabrication, craft items, home décor, and many other artistic and innovative designs. These are essential for all your beading projects.
Kinds Of Beading Technique
There are various kinds of bead work. In the complete sense, bead work is any work with beads. Usually recognized forms of bead work involve bead stringing, off-loom bead weaving, bead looming, bead embroidery, braiding with pearls, and wire wrapping with beads. There are others, but these are some of the common types of bead work.
Beads stringing is the sincere form of bead work. It includes adding beads to various types of fiber, thread, leather, elastic, beading wire, or related material. The beads may be classified with knots. Stringing beads on a stretchy cord is an excellent way to get begun making beaded bracelets. Stringing beads on beading wire is a unique way to make necklaces, bracelets, or even earrings.
Some bead work is created by using a needle and thread and one or more beading stitches to form a tangled chain or fabric of beads. This kind of bead work is known as off-loom bead weaving.
Bead weaving is mostly done with small beads called seed beads. Seed beads vary in size from very small to large. It even has different shapes such as cubes, drops beads, bugle beads, and that do not fundamentally share the small, round shape of a regular seed bead. Off-loom bead weaving is begun by using a needle and thread or string to sew small beads together. Various different beading stitches are used to join the beads. Every stitch has its unique thread path and forms a different type of bead work. Some of the traditional beading stitches include brick stitch, peyote stitch, right-angle weave, spiral rope, .etc.
A bead loom is a device used to weave beads into a material like beaded apparel. It may be utilized to make portions of bigger measured beaded ornaments that can be joined into handbags or used as artwork. In loom bead work, the beads are adjusted in lines and sections. Loom beading is quicker than off-loom bead stitches however requires some further steps to set up the loom before one can begin with loom beading.
Bead embroidery is another type of bead work where beads are sewn onto a cloth or fabric. There are various types of bead embroidery stitches. Bead embroidery can be used either by itself or in combination with other arts such as cross-stitch or quilting. Bead embroidery is one of the numerous bead work techniques preferred by Native Americans for decorating clothing and other articles.
Braiding With Beads
Braid stitch is an embellishment stitch that creates a series of interlocking braided circles. It's a beautiful stitch for more extensive, textured lines. It goes well on gentle curves. And you can change the look of the stitch considerably by working it closer together. Some of the names of the beads are bead crochet, Bead knitting, macrame with beads, and kumihimo with beads are also acknowledged bead work. They are then incorporated into the knitting. Kumihimo is a form of braiding that uses a disk. Macrame is a knotting method that can include beads into the overall design.