India is home to a plethora of weaves. The method of textile production with two different sets of yarns or threads that are interlaced together to form a fabric, is referred to as Weaving. Other methods for textile production could be knitting, crocheting, felting and braiding. The vertical threads in the process of weaving are called warp, while the horizontal ones are called weft. In India, most part of weaving is done on hand looms, which is a loom that works manually. Weaves are the patterns and designs on the fabric that enhance the appearance of the fabric. Indian weaving loom is known for its richness, uniqueness and fine quality. These weaves uplift the level of beauty, glamour and intricacy of the apparel.
The weaves on the fabric are the result of technique in which warp and weft yarns are interlaced. Weaving is an easy procedure and it does not require costly items for its production. The different types of weaves can be described as:
- PLAIN WEAVE
The most stylish and basic weave is the plain weave. Such weaves are inexpensive to produce and are most durable. In this weave, each weft yarn goes alternatively over and under each warp yarn, and each warp yarn goes over and under each weft yarn. Plain weave also has variations. RIB WEAVE is a type of plain weave which follows the same construction where each warp yarn goes over and under the weft yarn and vice versa while BASKET WEAVE is a pattern of weave that resembles basketwork. In this weave, two or more weaving yarns are used in both warp and weft section. The examples of such a weave are crepe, taffeta, organdy and muslin.
- TWILL WEAVE
Twill weaves are identified by its diagonal lines in the fabric. The weaving pattern has differentiation between the back and front side. The offset in this case, should be kept in between the rows to give it a slanted and ribbed design. The example of such a weave is Denim.
- SATIN AND SATEEN WEAVES
These are one of the most popular weaving patterns and are quite expensive because they are lustrous in their appearance. Silk and nylon fibers are used to weave such fabrics. However, if the yarns used are short staple like cotton, the fabric formed is considered as sateen.
There exist other types of weaves which depends on the fabric like Jacquard weave, Dobby, Leno weave, Oxford weave, Cut pile, Uncut pile, Double knit etc. Both warp and weft can be visible in the final product. A variety of loom styles for hand weaving and tapestry are available. Weaving is an important aspect of textile production without which the yarns do not achieve any practical purpose.
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